The aim of this pact is
PEACE, true Peace, Peace without arms. However, it can only be possible
if; first of all, human life and dignity are respected. This is nowadays
strongly perceived by a majority of men and women. It remains to be
SHALL WE BURY THE HATCHET?
I don't know whether it is a dream or an achievable aim, but I can't
help thinking and speaking about it. The idea is to mark the end of the
2n~ millenium of our era by considering the countless wars in which men
have massacred one another as belonging to the past. The 20th century
has been particularly horrendous due to the weapons constantly being
made even more deadly. Today questions of balance of power are no
longer relevant. Should a major war break out there would be neither
victor nor vanquished. Nuclear weapons are in fact a challenge to the
survival of the human race, confronted with the alternative of disarming
or disappearing from the face of the earth. Now, it is a well‑known
fact that all the international conferences on disarmament have failed.
It is high time to draw the proper conclusions from this: Heads of State
and their representatives are at present unable to sign any agreement
resulting in general disarmament.
There have always been numerous poignant calls for peace and
non‑violence but we have to admit that they too have been of no
avail. Why? Only because they were no match for those who advocate war
and violence in the name of "ideals" such as the defense of
one's country, the triumph of a sublime ideology, the propagation of
religious salvation etc. for which men are asked to give their lives and
kill their neighbors! Well, it is here and here alone that lies the
challenge. And it can be won if men will decide not to be "taken
in" any more. If they refuse to accept all the "justifications"
for violence and the resort to arms. If they refuse to kill under any
circumstances whatever. If they declare that nothing is more important,
more worthy of respect, more sacred than human life, it is that and only
that which must mark the beginning of the 3rd millenium:
“No more killing"! It's so simple and vet so demanding! But how
can this Pact be ratified all over the world ? It seems logical for all
governments to "play the game" and for every country to
organize a referendum asking this one single question: "Do you
agree‑ yes or no -that killing should be forbidden whatever the
There is little chance of the present
governments taking such a proposal seriously or their following it up.
However, it would probably be enough for one to start for all others to
start asking questions. There is a possibility to get round any blackout
by adopting a conventional sign, which would have the effect of a ballot
paper. An ordinary white sheet of paper (21 x 29.7) could be placed on a
window pane or on the front door.. Every where it will
mean that behind those windows and doors, human beings refuse to accept
under any circumstances whatever the killing of other human beings. It
will also mean that they refuse to support those who justify for reasons
of "self‑defense", "preventive war" or other
"excuses" of this kind which have always been used to
manipulate people and turn them against one another.
THE PEACE DOVE IS WHITE!
The refusal of all violence has many times been
expressed orally or in writing by the best representatives of humanity
but as this has always been done with words, the message was doomed to
be submerged in the general cacophony of controversy. So ‑ who
knows? ‑ If people all over the world are asked to express
themselves without words but just by using things near at hand lily
white paper or white fabric, maybe things will turn out differently.
FIRST OF ALL: GET RID OF FEAR!
Imagine for a moment that from the outset of the
year 2000, people in every country in the world are informed and an
irresistible “white wave" surges everywhere through household
windows, shop windows, cars, etc. The
psychological effect would be immense! And first of all, fear would be swept away; that inmost fear which for centuries
has urged people to arm themselves for defense and has been cleverly
exploited by all the paranoid leaders. Now, how could we still be afraid
of another nation, near to us or far, when it had also participated
massively in the Pact of the Year 2000? One thing is certain however:
even the most bloodthirsty of dictators could not succeed in hurling his
corn people into a war against another completely unarmed country that
gave no cause for fear.
N0 MORE ARMS OR ARMIES!
The change in the moral
atmosphere which would follow all over the world would exert such
pressure on governments (which all claim to be democratic!) that they
would have to promote a new policy based on the absolute respect of
human life. This would of course imply the destruction of all existing
weapons and consequently the dissolution of all armies. Obviously, a
new law would have to be introduced forbidding the manufacture, sale and
possession of weapons. At first this would mean an increase in
unemployment, but on the other hand, the amount of money saved would be
so huge that the unemployed could receive ample compensation. The
tremendous sums of money coming from the "national defense”
budget could also be allocated to protecting the environment (the real
"enemies" are all the different forms of pollution) and to
improving the standard of lilting of the poor and seeing to the needs of
A TIME OF JOY
All this is possible. All this could come about
during the year 2000 so that the 3rd millenium that in fact will begin
on January 1st 2001- would really be the beginning of a new era.
However is one condition for this dream to come true: the idea of a
"referendum without ballot boxes for a world without arms"
must be widely known. And this can only be achieved through personal
contact, by word of mouth and the media. It requires the combined
efforts of all men and women of goodwill, humanitarian associations,
well‑known people and the mass media. It is not a question of
collecting money or signing petitions
but of spreading the word: NO
MORE KILLING ! If you
agree with it, make it
known clearly and publicly.
A FEW PRECISE DETAILS ON THE ABOVE
REJOICING TOWNS AND VILLAGES
Sheets of white paper on windowpanes, front
doors, shop windows, will be the main evidence of the individual or
family pledges to the Pact to the Year 2000. But it need not be limited
to this alone. To add a sort of radiance to the celebration of this Pact
we could extend it by making
a wider use of the white "non‑violence" symbol so as to
encourage a "white wave" that would submerse every country
in the world.
WHY THE COLOUR WHITE?
There are three reasons for this choice:
1) Because white is known worldwide as the
symbol of the end of war and therefore of peace. On all battlefields the
white flag has always meant
2) As everyone knows, white is the sum of all the colors of the solar
spectrum that can also be seen in the rainbow. It can therefore be
interpreted as a symbol of unity in diversity and, in this particular
case, of "human unity”.
3) White paper, fabric, plastic can be found everywhere, so it is easy
and cheap to make flags, Anions, streamers and banners. Ribbons can be
put on car aerials as well as bouts, badges, balloons etc. No matter
what the shape as long as it is white. Man has made ample use of his
imagination to make war; he is certainly capable of using it to a Heater
degree to ensure peace. Children will particularly enjoy taking part.
After all, it is all about their future, Isn’t it?
THE CHOICE OF DATES
It seems that the best date
for starting the world celebration of the Pact of the Year 2000 would be
that of the "birth of the sun, that is, the winter solstice on
December 215t 1999 (this has the advantage of concerning the entire
planet quite independently of traditional feasts). As for its duration,
it could be extended to the first ten days of January 3000. Even if we
have to start again in the wake of the year 2001...
Obviously, the Pact of the Year 2000 is above all directed against wars
and their preparation as well as terrorism, which is nothing other than a
form of war. But poverty, pollution and forms of humiliation are also
killing. Therefore the purpose of the Pact of the Year 2000 is also to put
an end to all this infamy. At least, we now know we have a means of
attempting something, which goes in that direction.
The undeniable advantage of the Pact of the Year 2000 is that it does not
originate from above. It comes from no political or religious authority.
It comes directly from people themselves, expressing their will to see
peace and human life respected. Such is the aspiration of millions of
ordinary citizens who are in fact the majority. The main thing is to
make a public show of strength. This means that anybody agreeing with the
Pact and who has understood its significance thereby becomes partly
responsible for it. Here are the actions, which can be undertaken without
delay for the Pact of the Year 2000 and the white referendum, which it implies:
1 ) Present duplicating methods allow cheap photocopies of this text
(A3). Everybody can therefore pass it on to friend, neighbors and
2) Members of humanistic associations and publications (pacifists, non
violent, ecologists, world citizens, spiritualists. etc.) that approve of
the Pact can inform their members and readers (see box page 4).
It is eminently desirable that a Pact of the Year 2000 supporting
Committee be set up in each country by well‑known personalities in
the fields of science, religion, arts, literature, sport and social
action. This can facilitate access to the media.
||4) It is not necessary
to wait until December 21st 1999 to start action for the fact of the
Year 2000. Small white papers (4 cm x 6 cm) can be placed visibly
from now on, on windows, front doors as well as in shop windows,
on car windscreens and rear windows. These small white "butterflies"
will become large white sheets as the year 2000 approaches.
Meanwhile these discreet forerunners will already, let the
Pact's supporters identify one another. Wearing a badge (9 mm x 12
mm) showing a small white page can also be envisaged.
5) For the attention of polyglots: it is highly desirable for the present
text to be translated as soon as possible into the major languages and
sent to all countries.
The idea of creating the Pact of the Year 2000 was first announced in
France in October 1997 through LE NOUVEL HUMANISME, a publication which
is totally independent of any partisan tendency, whether political or
religious, which has no particular attachment to an association or sect,
which is non profit‑making and has no recourse to commercial
advertising. In spite of the limited means of its French promoters, the
Pact has already been mentioned in numerous French newspapers. Furthermore
a support committee has been set up by venous personalities of recognized
moral stature. It seems that it is now high time for action in favor of
the Pact to take on an international dimension.
the Pact of the Year 2000 will be the work of all men and women of
goodwill It will prove that humankind is at last capable of controlling
WE ARE ALL CONCERNED!
||The dot shown in the central square represents the amount of explosives
used during the Second World War (Dresden,
Hiroshima and Nagasaki included) i.e. 3 megatons. The dots inside all the
other squares represent the nuclear explosive power now existing in the
arsenals of the world, i.e. 18,000 megatons, or 6,000 times more. It has
also been calculated that the content of two squares would be amply
sufficient to destroy all the main cities of the world. The small circle
in the lower left‑had comer corresponds to the striking power of
modem submarines that each carry the equivalent of eight Second World Wars.
If we divide the total amount of explosives owned by the world's most
powerful nations by the total number of the planet's inhabitants, we get 3
tons of TNT for each individual, children included. But the explosive
power of nuclear missiles and bombs is undoubtedly not the most deadly
threat. The radioactivity that would darken the sunlight for an
undetermined long period of indeterminate length would come after the
explosion. In short, this would mean the total destruction of all life on
earth (The diagram shown here was presented at the Science and Armament.
Conference organized on March 1St 1986 at the ”Faculte d'Orsay” in
Paris by scientists for nuclear disarmament ‑.”Collectif de
Scientifiques pour to Desarmement Nucleaire”.‑. It has not been
N.B. The agreement signed by the Russians and the Americans in December
1987 to dismantle Euromissiles concerned only 4% of the nuclear capacity
of the "Super Powers", i.e. less than 5 squares. It was both
enormous and insignificant. Atomic weapons have "proliferated"
since that time. Following France and China, India and Pakistan have
carried out "nuclear tests". At this rate, many other states
will soon possess a small stock of thermo‑nuclear bombs... For
defense and security of course...
THE COST OF A UNIVERSAL ABERRATION
The following calculation gives the idea of the exorbitant amount of
military budgets: "If a dollar was dropped every second, 6000 years
would be necessary for the last of the $ 204,000,000,000 spent annually
in the world on armaments to fall. Enough to eradicate poverty from the
whole planet !
DISARMAMENT = SECURITY +
PROSPERITY ‑ This is what the Pact
of the Year 2000 could lead to. Massive participation in favor is all it
would take. We know how !
LE NOUVEL HUMANISME,
rue de Châtillon 75014 Paris,